1867 Paris Universal Exhibition & Fair
1867 Paris Universal Exhibition & Fair.
From 1st April to 3rd November 1867 the Paris World Exposition (Exposition universelle de Paris 1867) was held on the Champ de Mars and Billancourt island, opened by the Emperor with these words:
Gentlemen! After an intermediate period of 12 years, I shall for the second time distribute the rewards to those who have proved to be the most outstanding in that work which enriches the nations, enhances life and ennobles our customs. The representatives of science, the arts and industry from all points of the compass have raced to come here, and one can say that nations and kings have come in the spirit of reconciliation and peace to honour the works of labour and to crown such works through their presence.
Covering 687 thousand square metres the Exhibition saw participants from 41 countries arrive, with 52,000 individual exhibitors, of whom 15,969 came from France, all done on the theme of "The History of Labour", with furniture displays being prominent.
The exhibits for the Exposition were divided into these categories:
- Domestic and decorative glass.
- The lace and embroidery.
- Adaptations from the antique.
- Art materials and products in clay, artificial stone, marbles, granites.
- Textile fabrics.
- Goldsmith's work, silver, and jewellery.
- Porcelain and pottery.
- Fine art and decorative bronzes.
Next - from the Art Journal of England, 1867-68, an appraisal of the furniture works on display at the Universal Exhibition, divided into these sections:
¶ The Exhibition of Furniture in Paris is remarkable for extent, for variety of style, for rich diversity of material, and for excellence of execution. The collection, viewed geographically, embraces the civilised world; historically, it constitutes an epitome of all schools; while as an Art manifestation it tells of prevailing modes in architectural design, sculpturesque enrichment, and pictorial or polychromatic ornament. Accordingly, I propose to review this vast assemblage of furniture, in the first place, according to nationalities, and then as to utilitarian uses, Art styles, and structural or decorative materials.