Exterior Wall Ideas
Walls. The base of walls should be treated so as to give an appearance of strength, and there are many ways of doing this, one method being to project the lower portion. This projection should be of sufficient width and height, and is sometimes made to coincide with the sills of the ground-floor windows in order to obtain an effective proportion. In place of any projection at all a stone or rough granite base may be formed .
(a) Brick. Bricks are probably the most usual material for walls, and the effect is much improved by using those which have different shades of colour. A variety of tints can be obtained by mixing bricks burnt by wood fires, called bavins, with the ordinary red kiln-burnt bricks, and if judiciously selected, the result is very pleasing. If local bricks of good quality and colour can be obtained they should certainly be used, and it is well to remember that sand-faced handmade bricks are far superior in appearance to machine-made bricks. They are well worth the extra cost, especially in small houses where little ornament is used, and where the appearance depends mainly on proportion and on material employed. In brick houses of Georgian design stone quoins at the angles are frequently employed.
(b] Stone. In districts where stone is plentiful, it is of course used either as ashlar or rubble masonry, and forms a restful change to those who have been accustomed to seeing brick houses. In certain districts, such as Cumberland, the rubble walls are constructed without mortar on the external face, and this treatment gives a very beautiful rough texture to the wall surface. In some districts, such as Norfolk and Suffolk, the main portion of the walling is of flint, split and roughly squared, the quoins being formed of stone.
(c) Concrete. Concrete has been used in certain cases, but it is generally admitted that it is usually not less expensive than ordinary brick-walling, while it is often faced with some other material.
(d] Weather Tiling. Weather tiling is an effective facing material for walls, as may be seen in many old English examples, and is shown in modern houses in pictures 241, 258, 262 and 315. The method of securing the tiles to the wall is shown in the picture below.
(e) Rough Cast. Rough cast or Harling, as it is called in Scotland, forms a very pleasing finish and has several advantages, including that of helping to keep the walls dry. The materials used are stated in building house walls.
(f) Half-timber. Walls formed of timber uprights with brick and plaster filling are picturesque, but the method of forming them with thin facing boards in lieu of solid timber framing should be avoided, as it will not last and is sure to give trouble.
(g) Weather Boarding. Properly tarred or treated with preservatives, weather boarding is also used in country districts with good effect, especially in small cottage work.
Next: Types of House Windows.