Antique Joined Stools
Joined stools came from England, and unlike the very primitive American made stool pictured below, generally had four turned legs that splayed outwards. In America they were made of oak, maple, birch, but the top or seat was sometimes of pine.
Primitive Joined Stool.
It is called "joined" because of the method of construction, where mortise and tenon joints are fastened by the use of wooden dowel pins or pegs. Furniture makers in the past often called themselves "joyners" or joiners.
In addition to the mentioned splay legs joined stools featured plain rectangle shape stretchers at top and bottom, and a usually oblong seat. Probably such pieces were derived from tables, like tavern tables, and they are structurally very similar.
In America joined stools were made of oak, maple, or birch, with the seat often of pine. In England such stools were almost always made entirely of oak, good to remember when antique hunting since many English made stools are offered as American antiques, American models being much rarer and hence of greater value.
Presently on to turned construction seating in the form of spindle back chairs.