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Definition of wood parquetry patterns.

Defintion of Parquetry.

Parqueterie, Parquetry and Parquetage. (Fr. parquet, meaning an enclosure).

Inlaid work of wood in geometric patterns in blocks, generally composed of two colours, but now of three, four, or more, and used for floors, borders of rooms, ornamental ceilings, wainscots, and surbases, or dadoes.

The French term "carcasse" is applied to the frame of a sheet of parquet, fitted with its crossbars, and only requiring the tiles or squares to fill in.

Wood flooring, laid in patterns, is of ancient use : they are in common use in France; and are often very costly, constituting not infrequently the richest feature of the salons in which they appear, being waxed and polished with as much care as is bestowed upon the most valuable articles of furniture in Great Britain. The ordinary method on the Continent of laying down a parquet is by drawing the pattern on the floor prepared to receive it, and then proceeding to lay it down piece by piece until the whole is completed.

18 April 1680, Evelyn noticed one room at Cashiobury "parquetted with yew, which I lik'd well". Truchet, "Metmoires sur les Combinaisons", in "Metnoires" pour I'Acade'ime royale des Sciences for 1704. "Not to be forgotten are the floorings of wood, which Her Majesty the queen mother has first brought into use in England at her palace of Somerset house, the like whereof I directed to be made in a bed-chamber at Berkley house. The French call it parquetage, a kind of "segmentatum opus", and which has some resemblance to these magnificences (mosaic work), because it is exceedingly beautiful and very lasting"; In Evelyn, Account of Architects, 1697.

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