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Acanthus

Facts and info on the acanthus leaf or leaves design form of decoration in antique furniture and architecture with pictures and images.

Defintion of Acanthus

  • The leaf which forms one of the ornaments of the Corinthian capital.
  • The name given to a leaf employed for ornament in classic architecture. The Greek usage of the acanthus is admirable for its simplicity ; but from the variations used in the schools of Roman and Italian art, not to mention Romanesque and mediaeval imitations, the acanthus foliage, besides losing resemblance to the natural types and the Greek pattern, is often described as resembling that of the olive, laurel, parsley, etc.
  • Of all the ornamental styles which have been borrowed from plants the acanthus is the most popular. It was introduced by the Greeks, but has been used repeatedly in innumerable other styles. Its popular application is due to the ornamental possibilities of its beautiful leaves. The Greeks treated the acanthus with sharp-edged, comparativaly narrow leaves. In the Roman style the tip of the leaves became rounder and broader. The Byzantine and Romanesque styles again returned to stiffer, less delicate forms, and the Gothic gave the leaf large, round bulbous forms.

Pictures

Grecian Acanthus
Grecian Acanthus

English Acanthus Ornament
English Acanthus Ornament

Grecian Acanthus Mollis
Grecian Acanthus Mollis

French Renaissance Acanthus
French Renaissance Acanthus









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