Floor Coverings Ideas
Floor Coverings. We have dealt with the various types of floor construction.
Tiles, marble, mosaic or some substance of a non-absorptive character, should be used for the floors of halls, bathrooms, kitchens, sculleries, larders, water-closets, lavatories and conservatories, so that they may be washed down frequently.
Lavatories, bathrooms and sculleries should in addition have their floors laid to an inclination so that when washed down the dirty water may be led by means of a duct pipe into a rain-water head or gully trap.
Generally speaking, floors should be as non-absorbent as possible, although for the sake of warmth to the feet they are generally formed of wood.
Oak Battens or other hard wood with rebated and tongued joints make a very good floor, as shown in picture 206, and absorb little moisture, but, owing to expense, deal or pitch-pine battens stained and varnished are often substituted.
Wood block flooring, as shown in picture 36 in floor construction, may also be used.
Rooms in the cheaper class of house may have the surrounds of the deal flooring stained and varnished or painted three or four coats of good oil colour and then varnished, and this will last for years.
A parquet floor of hard wood is excellent from a sanitary point of view, as it ensures a uniform and impervious surface. When it is not possible to lay it over the whole of the room it may be formed as a margin round the sides, with ordinary boarding in three-inch strips for the remainder. There are some forms of parquet floor which can be laid down and easily removed if required without damage to the under floor. Parquet flooring should be washed with an antiseptic such as spirits of turpentine, after which it should be polished with turpentine and beeswax mixed with a little household soap, which mixture fills up the pores of the wood. This polish can be made by melting the ingredients together until a consistency of vaseline is obtained, when it should be laid on and well rubbed and polished with a rag and stiff brush.
206, Oak Batten Floor.
Carpets are receptacles for dust and dirt, especially those which are fitted into every nook and corner of the room. As custom in England prescribes a carpet, it is best to have a central Turkey carpet or even a rug, which can then be frequently taken up and properly shaken in the open, and not left, as a fitted carpet usually is, with all its accumulation of dirt from one spring cleaning to the next.
The drawing room and hall need not necessarily have a central carpet, but rugs may be placed over the parquet or oak batten floor where required, as shown in the picture below.
196, Drawing Room.
Bedroom floors may be stained and varnished and a rug put by the bedside so as to be warm to the feet on stepping out of bed.
Cork carpet glued directly upon the finished cement face of the concrete covering the site has been successfully used, thus saving all the cost of flooring. It is absolutely necessary, however, that the concrete should be thoroughly dry and the cork carpet seasoned and guaranteed by the maker. This form of covering makes an excellent finish, for it is warm to the feet and, if properly laid, takes the place of the ordinary carpet, except perhaps that a few rugs can be added if desired. It looks best when of a plain colour without any attempt at patterns, and may be cleansed either by washing or by polishing with the beeswax mixture already referred to.
Next: Wall Coverings.